Dive Into The Ocean: An Oceanography Lesson For Kids
Schooling and Science»
Geography, Nature the remainder is salt water. Lower than 3% of all the water on earth is fresh water. This 1/2 cup represents all the water present in lakes, rivers, underground, and frozen in ice.
-Ask if we can drink ice. Probably not. We should melt it first. Most of our contemporary water is frozen. Use an eyedropper or baby spoon to get out what could be about 1 drop of water out of the 1/2 cup. Of all the water in the world, this is all the freshwater obtainable for our use. The remaining is frozen in ice or very, very deep beneath the ground.
-The quantity of contemporary water on the earth is a tiny quantity in comparison with the quantity of salt water within the oceans. All the plants, land animals, and other people on earth must share this tiny quantity of recent water as a result of it’s the one drinking water God gave us. We should always take good care of the water He gave us to drink.
You have to: a gallon of water, a 1/2 cup measuring cup, and an eyedropper or baby spoon
9. Sing 3x: The Ocean Track (to the tune of My Bonnie Lies over the Ocean)
The Earth is all lined with ocean.
So salty and cold is that sea.
The Earth is 71% ocean.
More water than land, don’t you see?
You have to: the phrases to the music printed out for the kids to see
(The song is tailored from a tune discovered at http://staffweb.srk12.org/bond_music/songlists/continents.htm.)
Ocean Floor Options
10. Women’s sunset in paradise Desgin Long Sleeve Tee Shirt (While the children are looking at the globe, preheat your the oven to 425F.) Make a mannequin of the ocean flooring using a pie crust.
a. Ask: Has anyone ever visited the beach and jumped within the waves? What occurs the further you go out into the ocean water? (It gets deeper.) Has anybody ever walked throughout the ocean over to Europe or Asia? Why not? The ocean will get deeper and deeper and deeper. We are going to take a make-pretend journey to the beach and we’re going to pretend to stroll all the way across the Pacific Ocean over to Asia.
b. Have the kids clean/sanitize their fingers. Have them place the pie crust within the pie pan to create the ocean ground. Have them press on the sections of the pie crust as they title the components with you.
c. At the very top of the edge is the Continental Shelf. [Have them say, “Continental shelf” and touch across the edges of the pie crust.] Say: Think about you’re strolling in the Pacific Ocean. You’ll go downhill for a while, going deeper and deeper into the ocean. Don’t get tangled in the seaweed! Right here you’ll see schools of fish swimming by, a big sea turtle, an octopus, a lobster, jellyfish, and a whale as you stroll along the continental shelf. Right here the sunlight warms the water and there are many plants and animals. As you go deeper into the ocean, you’ll come to a cliff edge. It is where the continent of North America ends. Right here it is. [Point to the inside edge of the pie crust at the highest on the rim.] That is the sting of the continental shelf. Down beneath it is extremely darkish and very chilly as a result of the sunlight can’t attain this far.
d.The slant inward is the Continental Slope. [Have them say, “Continental slope” as they contact the slant of the pie crust.]
e.The bottom outdoors edge is the Continental Rise and all of the flat elements are the Abyssal Plain. [Have them say, “Continental Rise and Abyssal Plain” as they touch round the skin circle of the underside of the pie crust.] Say: You’ll need lights and heaters built into your diving fits to be this far down. Now you might be on a flat plain on the ocean floor. The animals that dwell down listed here are strange looking. Because it is so darkish, lots of the fish have glow-in-the-dark spots on them. You may see a college of lantern fish, a flashlight fish, or an angler fish. The angler fish has a small glow-in-the-dark tassel near its mouth. It shakes the tassel to make small fish curious about it. Then when the small fish swim over to see what it is, the angler fish gobbles them up. That way it would not should go attempting to find meals in the dead of night. Within the deep ocean there are additionally swallower fish with big, huge jaws and teeth that may swallow fish greater than they are.
f. Trying out throughout the plain of the Continental Rise, it won’t be flat like this pie crust. You’ll be able to see underwater mountains, volcanoes and large canyons. A few of the mountains here within the ocean are taller than the tallest mountains up on land. What’s the tallest mountain on land? (Mount Everest). The canyons are a lot bigger than the Grand Canyon.
g. We will get to a Mid-Ocean Ridge. [Have them say, “Mid-Ocean Ridge” as they contact the center of the pie crust.] There’s a separation right here. Have the children use the plastic knife to chop a line across the middle of the pie crust from one aspect of the underside of the circle to the other. Magma seeps up by this lower or ridge.
h. Moving towards Europe we’ll discover a mountain known as a Seamount. [Have them say, “Seamount.”] Have them pinch up among the dough into a mountain form.
i. We may even discover an enormous canyon known as the Submarine Canyon. [Have them say, “Submarine Canyon.”] Have the youngsters use the plastic knife to chop a line across the center of the pie crust from one facet of the bottom of the circle to the opposite. Have them make a second line across so that a slender strip of dough will be lifted up.
j. Between the Seamount and the Submarine Canyon we are going to create a Volcanic Island. [Have them say, “Volcanic Island.”] Have them wad up the dough strip and place it between the Seamount and the Submarine Canyon. It truly starts on the underside of the ocean and rises up out of the ocean water to create an island with a volcano!
ok. Let’s stroll by means of that journey yet another time. Use your fingers to walk with me. We’ll begin up on the lip of the pie plate the place the seashore sand meets the ocean. This is known as the shoreline after which the Continental Shelf where a lot of the ocean animals you know about dwell. The half that goes down is the Continental Slope. At the bottom of the slide we find the Continental Rise and Abyssal Plain. Ask: “What can we see at the underside of the ocean?” (tall mountains, volcanoes, deep canyons, a flat plain, glow-in-the-dark fish) Say: Within the center we discover the Mid-Ocean Ridge. We see a Seamount and a Volcanic Island. Simply before we get to Europe we should cross the massive Submarine Canyon. Lastly we get to Europe’s Abyssal Plain, Continental Rise, Continental Slope, Continental Shelf, and Shoreline.
l. Use a fork to prick every one a few occasions and then bake at 425 for 10-12 minutes. Concentrate to the time, and take away them from the oven when they are ready.
You’ll need: 1 pie plate, pie crust (not a graham cracker crust), margin:0px !important;” /> Ocean Motion: Tides
12. Ask if the ocean continues to be or if it strikes. The ocean strikes in three ways: currents, waves and tides. Present a picture of a shoreline, and say that the shoreline is the place the place the ocean meets the land is the shore.
- Explain that every day, twice a day in a daily sample, the level of the ocean rises and falls as it meets the shore. These modifications are known as the oceans tides. Ask if anybody has ever constructed a sandcastle on the beach and then had the ocean water finally transfer up and wash away their sandcastle. This is due to excessive tide. For those who had been to spend the day at the beach they might see modifications within the tides. At high tide, the edge of the ocean comes approach up covering the seashore so that you just don’t have very much sand to play on. At low tide, the water degree drops and the sting of the ocean moves farther away, leaving a broad sandy seashore so that you can play on and for you to find a lot of neat shells. There are two high tides and two low tides every day.
- What causes the arrow t shirts tides? We’ve talked a little bit bit about gravity before. Who can tell us what gravity is? Gravity is an invisible pressure that pulls every little thing on earth down. The earth isn’t the only physique that has gravity. The sun and the moon also have a gravitational pull. Because the moon is nearer to us than the solar, it pulls the water within the ocean simply a bit of bit towards it. Because the earth rotates, the water that’s closest to the moon is pulled toward the moon causing it to turn into high tide. The moon and the Earth play tug-of-struggle with the ocean water. The moon’s gravity tries to tug all of the ocean water towards it, but the Earth’s gravity retains it from flying up and away to the moon.
-As you explain this, use a blue towel or sheet to reveal the movements of the ocean water.
You will need: a picture of a shoreline (reminiscent of an image from a e-book) and a small blue towel, blanket, or pillow case
Guide to make use of for exercise 12
Trip to the Ocean (DJ and Tracker John)We used the illustrations and description from a piece of this e book to explain the tides and currents. This book is written from a Christian perspective and it has illustrations that attraction to younger youngsters. When you have older children and wish to get into a bit more depth, you may look for “What Makes An Ocean Wave?” by Melvin Berger.
Buy Now Moon margin:0px !essential;” /> Ocean Zones Pies
17. Have the youngsters sit on the table in entrance of their baked Ocean Flooring Pie Crusts. Open the guide to the page that shows the Ocean Zones. Overview the Ocean Zones with them. As you mention every zone, have the kids scoop out some of their pudding and spread it out on their baked pie crust.
-The ocean is divided into zones according to how much sunlight can attain it.
-Have the youngsters touch the large gap in the crust. We known as this an Oceanic Ridge. The world in the ocean’s deepest trenches is named the Hadal Zone. Have everyone say, “Hadal Zone” as they scoop up a small quantity of pudding and put it throughout the big gap in the pie crust.
-The underside is the Midnight Zone (also referred to as the Bathypelagic Zone or Dark Zone). Have everybody say, “Midnight Zone or Dark Zone” as they scoop up some pudding and put it within the pie plate. It’s dark down there, so add a number of extra drops of blue food dye to your pudding. The Midnight Zone, additionally known as the Bathypelagic or Dark Zone, goes from the ocean floor as much as the underside of the Twilight Zone. Generally the deeper portion of this zone is additional divided into a zone referred to as the Abyss. Have everyone say, “Abyss.” Has anybody stayed up till midnight? How darkish was it outside? It’s very darkish. In order for you some gentle exterior you must turn on a flashlight. The one mild produced within the Midnight Zone within the ocean is bioluminescence. They glow in the dead of night, utilizing special organs that give off mild. God gave the animals their own flashlights as a part of their our bodies — form of like fireflies! The method by which dwelling organisms produce mild is known as bioluminescence. Say, “bioluminescence.” Among the animals that dwell in the Midnight/Darkish Zone are the anglerfish, brittle stars, sea cucumbers, gulper eels, sea spiders, and sea lilies. Most of their food comes from the stays from marine life from the ocean’s upper zones. That means that they mainly eat the poop and dead our bodies from animals that live increased up within the ocean. There are very few animals or plants in this space because of the darkness, high water pressure, low temperatures (it’s super chilly), and limited food supplies. God specially designed the animals living here to develop very slowly and dwell for a very long time to maintain the pace of the body’s chemical and physical actions is sluggish so they won’t require as many nutrients.
– The center zone is the Twilight Zone (also referred to as the Mesopelagic Zone). Have everybody say, “Twilight Zone” as they scoop some pudding into the pie crust. It’s between the Midnight Zone and the Sunlight Zone. It’s dark here but not as dark as the Midnight Zone, so add yet another drops of food coloring but don’t make it as darkish as you did for the Midnight Zone. Octopi, some whales (sperm whales especially), sponges, and some coral reside here. Because the depth will increase, the water will get darker, its temperature decreases (so it’s chilly), and its strain increase. There is little or no mild, so inexperienced plants can’t grow here. There is not much meals, so there are some animals, but not many. Just like in the decrease Midnight/Darkish Zone, a lot of the food right here comes from the remains (poop and dead our bodies from animals) from marine life from the Sunny Zone. A number of the animals do swim to the Sunny Zone at evening to get food. Some animals on this zone glow in the dead of night, utilizing special organs that give off gentle. Who remembers what that’s referred to as? (bioluminescence)
-The highest layer known as the Sunlight/Sunny Zone (additionally referred to as the Epipelagic Zone). What do you think it will get a variety of? (sunshine). Have the youngsters say “Sunlight Zone” as they unfold the remaining pudding into their pie plate. The Sunlight Zone is the top layer of the ocean with the most mild. It’s the smallest zone nevertheless it contains greater than ninety% of marine life. Since plants require sunlight to dwell, that is the area where plants are most
productive. Most of the ocean animals you are aware of (sharks, whales, sea turtles, jellyfish, tuna) live right here.
-Have kids put the sweet fish on the top of the Sunlight Zone to remind them that zone is the place most of the animals are within the ocean.
-Put the pies in the refrigerator.
You’ll need: 1 candy fish/octopus (equivalent to Swedish fish or bitter gummy octopus candies) per little one (introduced by you), fish-shaped cupcake sprinkles (non-compulsory — I found these with the blue colored Pillsbury frosting), and pudding margin:0px !vital;” /> Marine Life margin:0px !important;” /> Click on thumbnail to view full-dimension More Great Image Books We Enjoyed on Various Points of the Ocean
Ocean Sunlight: How Tiny Plants Feed the Seas by Molly Bang focuses on phytoplankton and how these tiny organisms kind the premise for thus many meals webs and even produce half of the oxygen we breathe. Who Eats What? Food Chains and Meals Webs (Let’s-Read-and-Discover-Out Science, Stage 2) by Patricia Lauber does a superb job of describing marine food chains and webs in a nice picture e-book format. Life within the Ocean: The Story of Oceanographer Sylvia Earle by Claire A. Nivola is a wonderful biography on a feminine oceanographer that covers her life from when she was a younger child exploring the beaches of Florida to when she was an grownup exploring the depths of the ocean in a submersible. Hidden Under the Sea: The World Beneath the Waves by Peter Kent covers early exploration, whaling, early submarines, underwater labs, and extra. The text and is accompanied by facet bars with additional attention-grabbing tidbits. The Seven Seas: Exploring the World Ocean by Linda Vieira is a longer image guide that describes various ocean explorers, researchers, pirates, and more throughout the course of historical past. It was the e book we used to cowl the history of oceanography. Citizens of the Sea: Wondrous Creatures From the Census of Marine Life by Nancy Knowlton has superb pictures of among the unbelievable creatures that stay underneath the sea, and it consists of fascinating tidbits about them as properly. Coral Reefs by Gail Gibbons was our favourite image book on the Coral Reef, though my younger youngsters also particularly enjoyed The Magic Faculty Bus Takes A Dive: A E-book About Coral Reefs by Joanna Cole. Hidden Below the Sea: The World Beneath the Waves by Peter Kent covers early exploration, whaling, early submarines, beneath water labs, and more. The textual content and is accompanied by aspect bars with extra interesting tidbits.
Would You Like to Spend Extra Time Studying the Ocean?
Our favorite Christian Textbook Options on the Ocean
The perfect choice for elementary aged kids
Exploring Creation with Zoology 2: Swimming Creatures of the Fifth Day (Young Explorer (Apologia Instructional Ministries))When you have elementary aged youngsters, this is the best choice so far as Christian textbooks on the ocean. It covers numerous facets of oceanography, focusing primarily on the amazing creatures God created to dwell in the oceans! It contains numerous enjoyable, hands-on activities.
Buy Now The very best choice for center and highschool aged youngsters
The Ocean Book (Wonders of Creation)My oldest little one (age 11) loved this guide, which is an Oceanography textbook written from a Christian perspective. It is right for center school and highschool aged youngsters.
Purchase Now Joke: What did the Atlantic Ocean say to the Pacific Ocean?
Nothing. It just waved!
Material Checklist for the Lesson
*Everyone must bring per little one:
-an image of an ocean animal (printed from the pc, reduce out from a journal, coloured from a coloring e book, and so on.). We’ll be taping them on the wall to decorate the room.
-scotch tape (1 roll per family)
-any ocean-related objects you’d wish to bring to decorate the room (optional)
-a disposable water bottle (or Gatorade bottle, plastic mayo jar, or some other clear plastic bottle with a screw-on lid) crammed 2/three stuffed with water AND along with your child’s name written on it in permanent marker
-pie plate/tin (If you’d choose, you will get a pie crust that is inside a disposable pie plate.)
-pie crust (unbaked – similar to Pillsbury’s pie crust. If you’d prefer, you can get a pie crust that’s inside a disposable pie plate. Do not get a graham cracker crust.) (1 per household in case your kids are prepared to share. We’ll be making a model out of the ocean ground using the pie crust and then will bake it into a pie. If your children don’t wish to share, you possibly can have them every make their own pie.)
-1 plastic knife or kitchen desk knife you’re comfortable with your little one utilizing
-1 prepared field of vanilla pudding mix that has been dyed with blue food dye. (1 per the variety of pie crusts your youngster/youngsters will probably be making. Prepare a box of prompt vanilla pudding combine or buy a tub of it. Add rather less milk to it [1 three/4 c. somewhat than 2 c.]. Drop in just a few drops of blue food dye. This will get used as the “ocean water” in our pie crust ocean floors.)
-1 spoon for your child to use to scoop out the pudding into the pie crust
-1 bottle of blue meals dye (1 per family if your youngsters are keen to share. It will possibly simply be the blue food dye that comes in the package of 4 meals dye colors.)
– A duplicate of the marine animals from every zone and the zone names and descriptions (pp.13-15) from http://www.coreknowledge.org/mimik/mimik_uploads/lesson_plans/764/Theres%20a%20Commotion%20in%20the%20Ocean.pdf . Please pre-lower these ahead of time, but keep them collectively in each zone. Place them in separate baggies or paper clip them collectively. Don’t overlook to incorporate the zone names and descriptions (which ought to be shrunk barely)!
-yellow highlighter or a yellow marker
-scuba tools (elective)
-an item that is from an animal in the ocean (a shell, shark’s tooth, piece of coral, starfish, etc. or a stuffed animal). Have your youngster be ready to show the thing. In case your child is willing, have them even be prepared to inform the opposite kids: a) from what animal that object got here (i.e. “This is a shark tooth from a lemon shark.”), b) what that animal eats, c) what eats that animal, and d) something that’s fascinating about that animal (elective)
-an ocean-related snack. Yow will discover some cute ocean recipes at http://www.pinterest.com/blessthishouse/konos-determination-expeditions/ . If you item will require a fork or spoon, please bring them. (optional)
*Objects to be assigned to people to bring for the group:
-books: The Magic School Bus on the Ocean Floor by Joanna Cole, Want For a Fish: All About Sea Creatures by Bonnie Worth, a picture of the Earth from area (if utilizing one from a guide), A visit to the Ocean (DJ and Tracker John) by John D. Morris (optionally available), and a e-book on Jacque Cousteau resembling Manfish: A story of Jacques Cousteau by Jennifer Berne
-blue streamers margin:0px !important;” /> Free Ocean Lapbooks
Click on on the under links for discover free lapbooks:
Free Ocean-Themed Lapbooks
Ocean Animal Lapbooks
Coral Reef Lapbook
Nice YouTube Clips on the Ocean
Would you want to teach this way daily?
I exploit Konos Curriculum as a springboard from which to plan my classes. It’s a wonderful Christian curriculum and was created by mothers with lively children! You can even watch free on-line movies as Jessica, one of the co-authors of Konos, walks you thru a unit. (Search for the explanation Videos tab.)
Konos House School Mentor
If you are new to homeschooling or in want of some fresh steerage, I extremely recommend Konos’ HomeSchoolMentor.com program! Watch videos on-line of what to do each day and the way to show it in this great palms-on format!
© 2014 iijuan12
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